The basic facts about cervical cancer

Posted by on Sep 28, 2017 in Women' Health | 0 comments

The basic facts about cervical cancer

This is a type of cancer that affects the cervix which is a part of the female reproductive system. Cervical cancer is the abnormal growth of cells on the cervix. Like other types of cancer, cervical cancer can be treated when detected early. Detection is done using a pap test.

Causes of cervical cancer

Caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person. All HPV does not cause cancer. Some of them only cause genital warts.

An impaired immune system caused by conditions like HIV increases the risk of one getting HPV infection.

Smoke from cigarettes can also contribute to the abnormal growth of cancerous cells. Second-hand smoking should also be avoided. Second-hand smoke is inhaled from an environment that has smokers.

According to studies, most adults have had HPV infection at some point in their lives. The infection may fade away, lead to genital warts or lead to cervical cancer.

Women are advised to doing a Pap test regularly. This test will flag down changes in cells and a treatment started before they become cancerous.

Symptoms of cervical cancer

Symptoms only start to show when the abnormal cells growth turn into cancer. The symptoms are:

  • The lower belly or pelvis may experience pain.
  • During sexual intercourse, there is a lot of pain.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge.

Abnormal vaginal bleeding. There may be bleeding after sex, after menopause or in some cases bleeding in the middle of menstrual periods.

Diagnosis of cervical cancer

Whenever cervical cancer is suspected, the physician will ask the patient about her medical history. This will then inform the tests to be carried out. A Pap test is used to detect cervical cancer. A sample of cells from the surface of the cervix are scrapped and examined for any abnormal growth. Other tests may be conducted to test for precancerous or cancer cells.

Treatment of cervical cancer

  • This is using either a single therapy or a combination.

Surgery

Cancer cells are surgically removed. Surgery needed is depended upon the extent to which the cancerous cells have spread and their location. The need to have children in the future may also play a role in determining the type of surgery to be used.

Radiation therapy

X-rays in high dose are used to kill the cancerous cells. Alternatively, implants are put in the vaginal cavity to help kill cancer cells. This treatment method is appropriate for cervical cancer that has reached a certain stage. It can also be used in combination with surgery.

Chemoradiation

This form of treatment combines radiation and chemotherapy. Mostly used in treating cervical cancer at the early and late stages. Chemotherapy. Medicine is used to kill cancerous cells. Mostly used to treat cancer that is at an advanced stage.

Prevention of cervical cancer

Cervical cell changes can be treated early. This will reduce the risk of
abnormal cell growth.

  • Having a Pap test screening done regularly.

Quitting smoking33

You should not only quit smoking but also avoid second-hand smoke. In conclusion, any treatment has side effects and in case of cancer, it is not an exception. Healthy eating habits, having enough sleep and exercising will go a long way in managing the side effects.